- Gesponsord bericht
Ja, logisch, als de da het ook aan niemand verteld, terwijl hij dus dondersgoed weet dat entingen langer als 1 jaar werken, heeft ie zelf gezegd
Ik ga dus maar op zoek naar een andere dierenarts........
Wat info van het net die ik nog op de flop heb staan. Kan me niet herinneren waar ik het vandaan heb, dus hoop dat ik niet iets illegaals nu doe:
EXPOSING THE DANGERS AND INEFFECTIVENESS OF VACCINES
- In 1871-2, England, with 98% of the population aged between 2 and 50 vaccinated against smallpox, it experienced its worst ever smallpox outbreak with 45,000 deaths. During the same period in Germany, with a vaccination rate of 96%, there were over 125,000 deaths from smallpox. (The Hadwen Documents)
- In Germany, compulsory mass vaccination against diphtheria commenced in 1940 and by 1945 diphtheria cases were up from 40,000 to 250,000. (Don't Get Stuck, Hannah Allen)
- In the USA in 1960, two virologists discovered that both polio vaccines were contaminated with the SV 40 virus which causes cancer in animals as well as changes in human cell tissue cultures. Millions of children had been injected with these vaccines. (Med Jnl of Australia 17/3/1973 p555)
- In 1967, Ghana was declared measles free by the World Health Organisation after 96% of its population was vaccinated. In 1972, Ghana experienced one of its worst measles outbreaks with its highest ever mortality rate. (Dr H Albonico, MMR Vaccine Campaign in Switzerland, March 1990)
- In the UK between 1970 and 1990, over 200,000 cases of whooping cough occurred in fully vaccinated children. (Community Disease Surveillance Centre, UK)
- In the 1970's a tuberculosis vaccine trial in India involving 260,000 people revealed that more cases of TB occurred in the vaccinated than the unvaccinated. (The Lancet 12/1/80 p73)
- In 1977, Dr Jonas Salk who developed the first polio vaccine, testified along with other scientists, that mass inoculation against polio was the cause of most polio cases throughout the USA since 1961. (Science 4/4/77 "Abstracts" )
- In 1978, a survey of 30 States in the US revealed that more than half of the children who contracted measles had been adequately vaccinated. (The People's Doctor, Dr R Mendelsohn)
- In 1979, Sweden abandoned the whooping cough vaccine due to its ineffectiveness. Out of 5,140 cases in 1978, it was found that 84% had been vaccinated three times! (BMJ 283:696-697, 1981)
-The February 1981 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association found that 90% of obstetricians and 66% of pediatricians refused to take the rubella vaccine.
- In the USA, the cost of a single DPT shot had risen from 11 cents in 1982 to $11.40 in 1987. The manufacturers of the vaccine were putting aside $8 per shot to cover legal costs and damages they were paying out to parents of brain damaged children and children who died after vaccination. (The Vine, Issue 7, January 1994, Nambour, Qld)
- In Oman between 1988 and 1989, a polio outbreak occurred amongst thousands of fully vaccinated children. The region with the highest attack rate had the highest vaccine coverage. The region with the lowest attack rate had the lowest vaccine coverage. (The Lancet, 21/9/91)
- In 1990, a UK survey involving 598 doctors revealed that over 50% of them refused to have the Hepatitis B vaccine despite belonging to the high risk group urged to be vaccinated. (British Med Jnl, 27/1/1990)
- In 1990, the Journal of the American Medical Association had an article on measles which stated " Although more than 95% of school-aged children in the US are vaccinated against measles, large measles outbreaks continue to occur in schools and most cases in this setting occur among previously vaccinated children." (JAMA, 21/11/90)
- In the USA, from July 1990 to November 1993, the US Food and Drug Administration counted a total of 54,072 adverse reactions following vaccination. The FDA admitted that this number represented only 10% of the real total, because most doctors were refusing to report vaccine injuries. In other words, adverse reactions for this period exceeded half a million! (National Vaccine Information Centre, March 2, 1994)
- In the New England Journal of Medicine July 1994 issue a study found that over 80% of children under 5 years of age who had contracted whooping cough had been fully vaccinated.
- On November 2nd, 2000, the Association of American Physicians and Surgeons (AAPS) announced that its members voted at their 57th annual meeting in St Louis to pass a resolution calling for an end to mandatory childhood vaccines. The resolution passed without a single "no" vote. (Report by Michael Devitt)
Als laatste een toevoeging; het zoontje van een klant van mij was normaal geboren, maar begon autistische verschijnselen te vertoenen na de mazelen injectie
VACCINE PROTOCOLS FOR DOGS
W. Jean Dodds, DVM
The challenge to produce effective and safe vaccines for the prevalent infectious diseases of humans and animals has become increasingly difficult. In veterinary medicine, evidence implicating vaccines in triggering immune-mediated and other chronic disorders (vaccinosis) is compelling. While some of these problems have been traced to contaminated or poorly attenuated batches of vaccine that revert to virulence, others apparently reflect the host's genetic predisposition to react adversely upon receiving the monovalent of polyvalent products given routinely to animals. Animals of certain susceptible breeds or families appear to be at increased risk for severe and lingering adverse reactions to vaccines.
The onset of adverse reactions to conventional vaccinations (or other inciting drugs, chemicals , or infectious agents) can be an immediate hypersensitivity or anaphylactic reaction, or can occur acutely (24-48 hours afterwards), or later on (10-30 days) in a delayed type immune response usually caused by immune-complex formation. Typical signs of adverse immune reactions include fever, stiffness, sore joints and abdominal tenderness, susceptibility to infections, central and peripheral nervous system disorders or inflammation, collapse with autoagglutinated red blood cells and jaundice, or generalized pinpoint hemorrhages or bruises. Liver enzymes may be markedly elevated and liver or kidney failure may accompany bone marrow suppression. Furthermore, recent vaccination of genetically susceptible breeds has been associated with transient seizures in puppies and adult dogs, as well as a variety of autoimmune diseases including those affecting the blood, endocrine organs, joints, skin and mucosa, eyes, muscles, liver, kidneys and bowel. The underlying genetic basis of these conditions places other littermates and close relatives at increased risk.
Vaccination also can overwhelm the immuno-compromised or even healthy host that is repeatedly bombarded with other environmental stimuli and is genetically predisposed to react adversely upon viral challenge. The recently weaned young puppy or kitten entering a new environment is at greater risk here, as its immature immune system can be temporarily or more permanently harmed. Consequences in later life may be the increased susceptibility to chronic debilitating diseases.
As combination (polyvalent) vaccines contain antigens other than the clinically important infectious disease agents, some may be unnecessary, and their use may increase the risk of adverse reactions. Today's licensed leptospirosis bacterins afford little, if any, protection against the clinically important field strains, and the antibodies they elicit last only a few months. Other vaccines, such as for Lyme disease, may not be needed because the disease is limited to certain geographical areas. Annual revaccination for rabies is required by some states even though USDA licensed rabies vaccine have a 3-year duration. Thus, the overall risk-benefit ratio of using certain vaccines or multiple antigen vaccines given simultaneously and repeatedly should be reexamined. It must be recognized, however, that the luxury of asking such questions today is presented only because the risk of disease has been effectively reduced by the widespread use of vaccination programs.
Given this troublesome situation, what are the experts saying about these issues? In 1995 a landmark review commentary focused the attention of the veterinary profession on the advisability of current vaccine practices. Are we over-vaccinating companion animals, and if so, what is the appropriate periodicity of booster vaccines? Discussion of this provocative topic generally leads to other questions about the duration of immunity conferred by the currently licensed vaccine components.
In response to questions posed in the first part of this article, veterinary vaccinologists have recommended new protocols for dogs and cats. These include: 1) giving the puppy or kitten vaccine series followed by a booster at one year of age; 2) administering further boosters in a combination vaccine every three years or as split components alternating every other year until; 3) the pet reaches geriatric age, at which time booster vaccination is likely to be unnecessary and may be unadvisable for those with aging or immunologic disorders. In the intervening years between booster vaccinations, and in the case of geriatric pets, circulating humoral immunity can be evaluated by measuring serum vaccine antibody titers as an indication of the presence of "immune memory". This latter phrase is more correct that "protective immunity", because protection against disease means survival after challenge with the infectious agent and may not correlate with the serum antibody titer. Titers do not distinguish between immunity generated by vaccination or exposure to the disease, although the magnitude of immunity produced by vaccination is usually lower. Except where vaccination is required by law, animals that previously experienced an adverse reaction to vaccination or are at genetic or physiological risk for such reactions also can have serum antibody titers measured annually instead of revaccination. If adequate titers are found, the animal should not need revaccination until some future date. Rechecking antibody titers can be performed thereafter, or can be offered as an alternative to pet owners who prefer not to follow the conventional practice of annual or semiannual vaccination. Reliable serologic vaccine titering is available from several university and commercial laboratories and the cost is reasonable.
Relatively little has been published about the duration of immunity following vaccination, although new data are beginning to appear. In Sweden, an in-depth study found adequate titers against canine distemper virus (CDV) in 83% of a very large group of dogs vaccinated more than 4 years beforehand. Another recent study of dogs vaccinated 9-55.5 months previously found 73% of 122 dogs to have protective canine parvovirus (CPV) titers, and 79% of 117 dogs to be adequately protected against CDV. The authors concluded that annual revaccination should be maintained because less than 90% of those vaccinated reached their criteria for protective titers. However, using similar criteria to assess vaccine antibody titers in a much larger groups of dogs, we came to a different conclusion (Twark and Dodds, JAVMA, in press, 2000). Our study evaluated 1441 dogs for CPV antibody titer and 1379 dogs for CDV antibody titer. Of these, 95% were judged to have adequate CPV titers, and 98% had adequate CDV titers. Vaccine histories were available for 444 of the dogs in which CPV titers were determined; 433 of them also had CDV titers measured. The interval between last vaccination and titering ranged from 1 month to 7 years, with the majority (625) being between 1-2 years. On the basis of our data, we concluded that annual revaccination is unnecessary in most cases.
A multifaceted approach to furthering the recognition of this situation, along with alternative strategies for containing infectious diseases and reducing the environmental impact of conventional vaccines is clearly needed. As a beginning we can increase the interval between adult booster vaccinations from one to three years, except as required by law, and monitor serum antibody levels for assessing immune memory response to the clinically important infectious agents.
REVISED VACCINATION PROTOCOL 1997
W. Jean Dodds, DVM, HEMOPET, 938 Stanford Street, Santa Monica, CA 90403, 310/ 828-4804
Note: This schedule is the one I recommend and should not be interpreted to mean that other protocols recommended by a veterinarian would be less satisfactory. It's a matter of professional judgement and choice.
For breeds or families of dogs susceptible to or affected with immune dysfunction, immune-mediated disease, immune-reactions associated with vaccinations, or autoimmune endocrine disease (e.g., thyroiditis, Addison’s or Cushing's disease, diabetes, etc.) the following protocol is recommended:
Age of pups -- Vaccine type
**6 weeks (range could be 5 and a half to 6 and a half weeks but not earlier)
-- Distemper + measles (_without_ hepatitis)
**8 weeks and 10 weeks for pups not receiving measles earlier
---Distemper plus hepatitis, plus or minus parainfluenza for pups_not_receiving the distemper/measles earlier
**7-8 weeks and 10-11 weeks, same schedule and product each time
-- Killed canine parvovirus* given 3-4 weeks apart
-- Distemper + hepatitis + parainfluenza plus or minus leptospirosis (_without_ parvovirus)*
**14 weeks and 18-20 weeks, same schedule and product each time**
-- Distemper + hepatitis + parainfluenza plus or minus leptospirosis + killed canine parvovirus*
**16-24 weeks -- Killed rabies vaccine
* During parvovirus epidemics or for highly susceptible breeds such as Rottweilers, newer modified-live virus (MLV) vaccines that override maternal immunity may be advisable.
^^An _Annual_ booster using distemper + hepatitis + parainfluenza plus or minus leptospirosis + killed canine or MLV parvovirus is given at one year of age. Thereafter, boosters are given every 3 years until old age.
Beyond 10 years of age, booster vaccinations are generally not needed, and may be unwise if aging or other diseases are present. For animals at high exposure risk to parvovirus disease, an additional parvovirus vaccination can be given at the 6-month point.
^^ I use only killed 3-year _rabies vaccine_ for adults and give it _separated_ from other vaccines by at least 2 and preferably 3-4 weeks.
^^ I do _not_ use _Bordetella or corona virus or Lyme vaccines_ unless these diseases are endemic in the local area or specific kennel.
^^I do _not_ recommend vaccinating bitches during estrus, pregnancy or lactation.
^^ I recommend that distemper or distemper-measles vaccine be given_without_hepatitis between 6 - 8 weeks, because of the reported suppression of lymphocyte responsiveness induced by polyvalent canine distemper and adenovirus vaccines. (Phillips et al., Can J Vet Res 1989; 53:154-160.)
^^For animals previously experiencing adverse vaccine reactions or breeds at higher risk for such reactions (e.g. Weimaraners, Akitas) _alternatives to booster vaccinations_ should be considered. These include avoiding boosters except rabies vaccine as required by law; annually measuring serum
antibody titers against specific canine infectious agents, such as distemper and parvovirus; and homeopathic nosodes. [This last option is considered an unconventional treatment that has not been scientifically proven to be efficacious. However, data from Europe and clinical experience in North
America support its use, and controlled studies are underway to test the method under challenge conditions. If veterinarians choose to use homeopathic nosodes, their clients should be provided with an appropriate disclaimer and written informed consent should be obtained.]"
Verder is er een discussie gaande onder DA's in Amerika over het over-vaccineren van huisdieren. Heb daar ook een hele briefwisseling over op flop, maar kweet niet of het wel zo gepast is al die lappen text op deze list.
ik moet hier dus echt een keer GOED voor gaan zitten, en stukje voor stukje gaan lezen
Maar dat doe ik heus wel
Wie is er online
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